Basic Lumber Terminology

Basic Lumber Terminology

Some products in this website are priced by Board Foot, some are priced by Linear Foot, some are priced by Square Foot and some are priced Per Piece.

What is the difference between these?
  1. Board Foot is a measurement of the actual amount of wood contained in the piece of lumber. Board Foot is calculated simply by multiplying:
    Thickness X Width X Length Divided by 12
    • Example 2 x 8 x 16 = 256 divided by 12 = 21.33 bdft.
    • Example 1 x 8 x 16 = 128 divided by 12 = 10.66 bdft.

    Thickness & Width are calculated in Inches. Length is always Feet.

  2. Linear Foot is simply the length of the product in Feet.
  3. Square Foot is simply the Area Coverage.
    • Example if a floor is 10 x 10 it would take 100 sqft. of flooring to do the job.
  4. Per Piece simply is the entire price for each individual item.
Some Basic Milling Terminology
  • S2S or D2S: Dress or surfaces two sides to a thickness of your choosing.
  • SLR or R1E: Rip 1 straight edge with our gang ripsaw.
  • R2E: Rip 2 straight edges with our gang ripsaw to a width of your choosing.
  • S4S or D4S (D2S + R2E) : When milling 4 sides we will dress two sides to a thickness of your choosing and rip or dress 2 edges to a width of your choosing
Milling Limitations
  • Minimum Thickness of Planer (S2S or D2S): 1/2”
  • Maximum Width of Planer: 24”
  • Maximum Thickness for Gang Rip Saw (SLR): 2-1/2” or 10/4”
  • Maximum Width of Gang Rip Saw: 24”
Pricing
  • S2S or D2S = $ .10 bdft. ADDITIONAL CHARGE
  • SLR or R1E = $ .10 bdft. ADDITIONAL CHARGE
  • S4S or D4S = $ 1.00 bdft. ADDITIONAL CHARGE
Standard Thickness for Surfaced Lumber

The National Hardwood Lumber Association provides the following as standard surfaced thicknesses. We can plane to other thicknesses if wanted.

  • 1” = 4/4” = surfaced or Planned to 13/16”
  • 1 ¼” = 5/4” = surfaced or Planned to 1-1/16”
  • 1 ½”= 6/4” = surfaced or Planned to 1-5/16”
  • 2” = 8/4” = surfaced or Planned to 1-3/4”
  • 2 1/2” = 10/4” = surfaced or Planned to 2-1/4”
  • 3” = 12/4” = surfaced or Planned to 2-3/4”
  • 4” = 16/4” = surfaced or Planned to 3-3/4”
How long will milling take?

For walk in customers, milling small orders S2S or D2S + SLR or R1E will generally take roughly 1 hour depending on how busy the mill is currently working on orders. Would be better for you to call ahead to place your order. For example it might take longer because the mill is currently planning a 1000 bdft. order that needs to be completed before working on your order. Another situation might be that the milling equipment is being serviced. Customers looking for S4S should generally give us 48 hours to complete.

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